Even Hippocrates recognized the importance of knowledge of massage to health providers. In more recent times, people have sought relief from pain brought on by less than ideal posture or repetitive movement, or assistance with rehabilitation from injury or even ways to prevent injury, and massage has been found to provide benefits both physically and psychologically.
Therapeutic massage uses a client centred, holistic approach and clinical reasoning to identify the causes of pain and dysfunction rather than just treating symptoms. Specific muscles are identified and treated using manual therapy, aiming to restore balance between the central nervous system and musculoskeletal system. Education and retraining of movement patterns provide longevity to the effects achieved by massage, which may be provided by the massage therapist or physiotherapist.